The Indian Constitution was passed on 26 November 1949 and came into force on 26 January 1950. It took 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to prepare the final draft of the Constitution. There are demands for new states every day. As you might know, a new state Telangana was created in 2014. Uttarakhand, Jharkhand etc. were formed in 201 and even now there is a continuous demand for states like Purvanchal etc.

Indian democracy always faces regional tensions and this is a big challenge. Always want to achieve special status for any state and the feeling of regionalism continues.

Like the state of Bihar always wants the status of a separate state.

Definition and Part 1 under the Union, in which Articles 1 to 4 are mentioned and the reorganization of the states is being talked about.

List of states is also given in Article 1. It is written in it that India is a union of states. Why are there two names of one country in this and why is union used in this? This means division of powers.

When the constitution was being made in India, there was confusion regarding what should be written in the name. In other countries, India was identified as India and Bharat was used as India, hence it was concluded that both the names should be kept.

Similarly, there was a dispute regarding the language also, everyone asked to make their language the national language, instead of making it the national language, Hindi was made the official language.

Now we know why union was used. Union means that we are connected to ourselves and now we will not be separated and there is no chance of getting separated now. When there was doubt whether the states would merge with the Center or not, then it was decided that either merger should be done or not, the merged state would not be separated again.

There is no agreement in this.

In this, both state and central remain interconnected. And the Union of India is an organization. It is divided into many states but there is no provision for separation of the states.

This country works as one unit.

Indian territory is divided into 3 parts.

The area of ​​the states means the area of ​​all the states of India.

Union territories that are under the Centre.

If Indian states acquire any area.

Some states have been given special status like Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka etc.

Similarly, any state arrangement can be made according to the 5th and 6th schedules.

Artice 2 – In this, power has been given to the Centre. States will be admitted and established by Parliament.

Article 3 – Parliament can do the following by making laws.

transition to new states

creation of new states

Can change the boundaries of the state.

Can change the name.


Fundamental Rights मौलिक अधिकार


Article 4 – According to Article 368, there is no law to amend the Constitution.

No law of any kind given above shall be deemed to be an amendment of this Constitution for the purposes of Article 368. Can the Parliament give any part to another country? Yes, the Parliament has the right to give the Indian Union a court. This cannot be done simply, for this the Constitution will have to be amended. The Supreme Court said that there is no need for constitutional amendment to determine the boundaries. The executive can also take such decisions. And the future government can also take a decision on this.

In 1969, the Supreme Court gave the power to the executive to take controversial decisions, this does not mean that any area should be handed over to a foreign country. Everyone needs support.

Here sovereignty means that the government can take any decision.

The 100th constitutional amendment took place in 2015. In which Bangladesh had a lot of dispute regarding the boundary and to fix the border, some area was given to Bangladesh and we got some of their area.

At the time of independence, we got 508 states, for the first time there was merger on the basis of language. In 1912, Bihar, Orissa etc. were separated on the basis of language.

From the very beginning, language remained the basis of the reorganization of states.

Reorganization of states on the basis of language was wrong but this is what happened.

The Commission has many times given the message that formation of states on the basis of language is unfair.

The matter did not stop, many people also went on fast and this was the reason that states were formed on the basis of language.

Fazal Ali State Reorganization Commission was passed in 1956. New states were formed.

After this, states and union territories were formed. CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS LIST

Substituted for sub-clause (b) by section 2 of the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956.

Inserted by the Constitution (Thirty-fifth Amendment) Act, 1974, section 2 (w.e.f. 1-3-1975).

Amendment of Section 29 and Schedule of the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956

According to Article 368 –

Notwithstanding anything mentioned in this Constitution, the Parliament, in the exercise of its constitutional power, may amend any provision of this Constitution by way of addition, alteration or repeal in accordance with the procedure specified in this article.

The amendment of this Constitution can be initiated only by introducing a bill for this purpose in any House of the Parliament. And then it will be presented before the President, who will give his assent to the Bill and then the Constitution will be amended according to the terms of that Bill.

Provided that if such amendment-

in article 54, article 55, article 73, article 162 or article 241, or

in any list of the Seventh Schedule, or

in the representation of the States in Parliament, or

Subject to the provisions of this article,

If any change is to be made, the powers of the legislature are necessary to present a bill providing for such amendment before the President for assent.

Changes also took place in some states like the names of Uttar Pradesh, Maysore, Delhi etc. were changed.

Name changed from Uttaranchal to Uttarakhand

Recently there has been a change in the name of Orissa. CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS LIST